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Nusa Penida – A Tropical Marine Paradise
The beautiful islands of the Nusa Penida MPA, with their rugged shore lines and luxuriant underwater landscapes, are just a short trip away from Bali. The islands are a reef lover’s paradise: home to manta rays, sunfish and turtles.
At CTC we are working together with our government partners and local Penidan communities to preserve this timeless jewel of the Coral Triangle.
The Nusa Penida MPA
The Nusa Penida MPA covers an area of of 20,057 hectares around Nusa Penida and two smaller neighboring islan ds, Nusa Ceningan and Nusa Lembongan. The area is host to 296 species of coral and 576 species of reef fish, including five species previously unknown to science.
In 2008, the area was identified as a site with a high livelihood dependency on marine resources and was recognized as a critical area for marine biodiversity through a Rapid Ecological Assessment (REA). Two years later, the Nusa Penida Marine Protected Area (MPA) was established as a marine park with the twin aims to safeguard the island’s waters and to sustain the island’s communities.
Nearly 48,000 people in 56 traditional villages and sub-villages live on Nusa Penida and its two neighboring islands.
Those living along the coastline all depend on fisheries, seaweed farming, and marine tourism as their main sources of income. Inland, there is also agriculture and animal raising.
Due to its unusual riches, and through the commitment of the Klungkung District Government, the MPA has become renowned throughout the Coral Triangle region. It is one of the highest ranked for management effectiveness in Indonesia (at Level 3 based on the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries MPA effectiveness assessment ranking). In 2013, it received a government award for both management effectiveness and as an exemplary site for promoting a Blue Economy.
The Nusa Penida MPA is managed under the District Government of Klungkung, Bali, Indonesia.
The Protected Zones of Nusa Penida MPA
  • Core zones (closed to all fishing and extractive activities)
  • Traditional fisheries zones (for local access and use only)
  • Marine tourism zones and special arrangement zones (closed to all fishing and extractive activities, but open for divers and snorkelers)
  • Sacred zones (protected for cultural importance)
  • Seaweed farming zones (for aquaculture)
  • Harbor zones (for shipping)
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Current Research Projects

  • The dispersal patterns of manta rays and the role of our MPAs in ensuring population integrity.
  • The population characteristics of sunfish within the Nusa Penida MPA, and the development of locally driven marine tourism guidelines.

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Our Classroom Connections

  • Many of the classroom-based training courses offered by CTC in Bali have a field visit component which is hosted by the Nusa Penida MPA.

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Rehabilitation Projects

  • Mangroves: we planted more than 10,000 mangrove and developed a mangrove seed bank for conservation.
  • Corals: we transplanted more than 500 young colonies of coral into the Nusa Lembongan area.

Read More

2008

TNC invited by Klungkung District Government to support development of Nusa Penida MPA. Baseline data gathered and preliminary socialization undertaken with communities regarding the establishment of an MPA.

2009

Nusa Penida Task Force established. Stakeholders engaged and supportive. Community center established. Mangrove seed bank and rehabilitation program initiated. Coral rehabilitation program initiated. Ecological monitoring protocol for MPA developed, and annual surveying system established.

2010

Klungkung District Government formalize establishment of Nusa Penida MPA through District Executive Decree No.12/2010 with a total area of 20,057 hectares. CTC replaces TNC in facilitating the Nusa Penida MPA establishment process.

2011

Zoning plan design is undertaken and finalized with support and engagement of key stakeholders. Draft structure of the future Management Unit for the MPA is developed. Willingness to pay (WTP) study is undertaken to inform and guide future sustainable financing design for MPA. Monthly Resource Use Monitoring (RUM) surveys are initiated.

2012

Management Unit for Nusa Penida MPA is established. District regulations are drafted and submitted to district parliament for review and approval in relation to a tourism entrance fee system for the MPA as a mechanism for sustainable financing. 20 year management plan is finalized and published.

2013

Nusa Penida MPA team completes and submits all documents and requirements for declaration of the MPA at the higher Ministerial level. Management Unit is formalized through District decree (30/2013). Management plan is endorsed by District decree (137/2013). Planned sustainable financing system is endorsed by District decree (3/2013). Nusa Penida is awarded for MPA management effectiveness by the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and announces Nusa Penida as a ‘Blue Economy’ site.

2014

The Nusa Penida MPA plans to obtain national recognition under a ministerial decree.

Current Research Projects

  • The dispersal patterns of manta rays and the role of our MPAs in ensuring population integrity.
  • The population characteristics of sunfish within the Nusa Penida MPA, and the development of locally driven marine tourism guidelines.

Read More

Our Classroom Connections

  • Many of the classroom-based training courses offered by CTC in Bali have a field visit component which is hosted by the Nusa Penida MPA.

Read More

Rehabilitation Projects

  • Mangroves: we planted more than 10,000 mangrove and developed a mangrove seed bank for conservation.
  • Corals: we transplanted more than 500 young colonies of coral into the Nusa Lembongan area.

Read More

2008

TNC invited by Klungkung District Government to support development of Nusa Penida MPA. Baseline data gathered and preliminary socialization undertaken with communities regarding the establishment of an MPA.

2009

Nusa Penida Task Force established. Stakeholders engaged and supportive. Community center established. Mangrove seed bank and rehabilitation program initiated. Coral rehabilitation program initiated. Ecological monitoring protocol for MPA developed, and annual surveying system established.

2010

Klungkung District Government formalize establishment of Nusa Penida MPA through District Executive Decree No.12/2010 with a total area of 20,057 hectares. CTC replaces TNC in facilitating the Nusa Penida MPA establishment process.

2011

Zoning plan design is undertaken and finalized with support and engagement of key stakeholders. Draft structure of the future Management Unit for the MPA is developed. Willingness to pay (WTP) study is undertaken to inform and guide future sustainable financing design for MPA. Monthly Resource Use Monitoring (RUM) surveys are initiated.

2012

Management Unit for Nusa Penida MPA is established. District regulations are drafted and submitted to district parliament for review and approval in relation to a tourism entrance fee system for the MPA as a mechanism for sustainable financing. 20 year management plan is finalized and published.

2013

Nusa Penida MPA team completes and submits all documents and requirements for declaration of the MPA at the higher Ministerial level. Management Unit is formalized through District decree (30/2013). Management plan is endorsed by District decree (137/2013). Planned sustainable financing system is endorsed by District decree (3/2013). Nusa Penida is awarded for MPA management effectiveness by the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and announces Nusa Penida as a ‘Blue Economy’ site.

2014

The Nusa Penida MPA plans to obtain national recognition under a ministerial decree.

Nusa Penida as a Field Learning Site
Our work in Nusa Penida has led to a wide range of lessons learned: we have learned from our successes and from the challenges we faced. We have gained valuable insights which we have used in designing our training curricula.
Today, the Nusa Penida MPA provides an excellent learning platform for a wide range of MPA-related stakeholders, from managers and staff at all scales, government officials, community groups, scientists, and NGOs, to private sector participants, universities and associated institutions.
The site provides a range of research opportunities, on-site job shadowing, volunteer opportunities, peer-to-peer learning and hands-on experience. It is a living laboratory where practitioners can actively trial the lessons they have learned during our classroom-based courses; they can observe, learn, and gain field experiences necessary for their work.
Practical study packs and information guides are available on a range of learning themes, and visits to the site are tailored to the audiences’ key interest areas.
Coral Triangle Center

Eco-system Rehabilitation Projects on Nusa Penida include:

- Mangrove replanting: more than 10,000 mangrove seedlings were planted since the     establishment of the Nusa Penida MPA and a mangrove seed bank for conservation was developed. The Mangrove project was conducted in collaboration with the community-based organisation Satya Posana Nusa and the Mangrove Tour Group in Nusa Lembongan.

 

- Coral transplantation: more than 500 young colonies of coral were transplanted into the Nusa Lembongan area. Our partners for this project were the fishermen’s group Celagi Buana Putra.

 

- Monitoring, surveying, and enforcement: together with a wide range of partners, we have developed tools to keep our rehabilitation and maintenance activities running efficiently.

Our Classroom Connection:

Field courses taught in Nusa Penida MPA include:

- An Introduction to Basic Marine Ecology

- Dive Training and Introduction to Marine Biological Monitoring

- Reef Health Monitoring

- Spawning Aggregation Sites Monitoring

- Marine Resource Use Monitoring

- Boundary Marker Installation Training for MPAs

- Patrol, Surveillance and Enforcement (PSE) for MPAs

- Facilitation Techniques for MPA Public Consultation

Our Research Opportunities:

‘The dispersal patterns of manta rays and the role of Nusa Penida MPA and future planned networks of MPAs in the Lesser Sunda in ensuring population integrity’; research undertaken in collaboration with Murdoch University, Australia, and the Aquatic Alliance

 

‘Investigation of the population characteristics of sunfish (Mola ramsayi) within the Nusa Penida MPA, and the development of locally driven marine tourism guidelines’; research undertaken in collaboration with Murdoch University and the Ocean National Geographic