Buano Island, Maluku Province
Located at the corridor that connects the Seram and Banda Seas, the Buano Islands play a strategic role in protecting marine biodiversity in Maluku Province, including the large population of marine mammals that use the waters around the islands as their primary migratory route each year
The Buano Island MPA
The proposed MPA will cover an area of 30,454 hectares, and will incorporate a zoning system to support sustainable fisheries and growth in marine tourism, while protecting endangered marine species and conserving precious marine and coastal ecosystems. As the USAID Sustainable Ecosystem Advanced (SEA) Project implementing partner, CTC is supporting the development of the Buano Islands MPA, through building up the MPA management plan, and conducting training and environmental education sessions for local communities, and increasing the capacity of local government officers to manage the area.
Community-Led Conservation
The USAID SEA Project and CTC, along with local and global partners, are also strengthening community-based sustainable marine conservation and eco-tourism projects, and advocating for positive behavioural change. Through the Pejuang Laut (Champions of the Sea) program, local leaders are being trained to promote peer-to-peer learning and community engagement to change local attitudes and build knowledge in conservation, and the benefit of long-term marine conservation goals for the community. By providing holistic, community-led projects, USAID and CTC aim to support both ecosystems and local communities to thrive.
Drop us an email to learn more about our work in Buano Islands.
Download Buano Island MPA Info Sheet. Watch a video here!
Lease Islands, Maluku Province
The Lease Islands are one of many small archipelagos scattered across Maluku. Consisting of three prominent islands, Haruku, Saparua and Nusa Laut, these stunning islands are rich in historical and cultural value, while also being home to diverse and distinct marine life.
The Lease Islands MPA
The Lease Islands have marine ecosystems of coral reefs, seagrass and mangroves, which support abundant marine life, including the endangered dugong. In April 2018, the USAID SEA Project, through CTC, conducted scientific surveys to build on existing data from the region and support the establishment of the MPA. CTC and USAID are now supporting the Provincial Government of Maluku, local government officers, community members and other stakeholders to continue developing the already-initiated MPA. Through facilitating new policies and programs that support marine conservation, and supporting local communities to move away from destructive fishing practices and reduce pressure on marine ecosystems, CTC and the USAID SEA Project are building up the MPA to support ecosystems and local livelihoods.
Community-Led Conservation
The USAID SEA Project and CTC, along with local and global partners, are also strengthening community-based sustainable marine conservation and eco-tourism projects, and advocating for positive behavioural change. Through the Pejuang Laut (Champions of the Sea) program, local leaders are being trained to promote peer-to-peer learning and community engagement to change local attitudes and build knowledge in conservation, and the benefit of long-term marine conservation goals for the community. By providing holistic, community-led projects, USAID and CTC aim to support both ecosystems and local communities to thrive.
Drop us an email to learn more about our work in Lease Islands.
Download Lease Island MPA Info Sheet. Watch a video here!
Sula Islands, North Maluku Province
The little-known Sula Islands District is a piece of paradise that lies at the southwest of North Maluku Province. Established as a regency in 2003, the area consists of three inhabited islands and 21 mostly uninhabited, and unexplored, islands, and seas that are home to some of the richest marine biodiversity in eastern Indonesia.
The Sula Islands MPA
The majority of communities in the Sula Islands rely heavily on marine resources for their livelihoods, with the waters surrounding the islands identified as high-value fishing grounds for pelagic fish and demersal fish such as tuna, skip jack, small mackerel and fusiliers found in large numbers. With a 17,000 hectare nature reserve declared in 1995, the local government, the USAID SEA Project, CTC, and community partners are scaling up to develop a multi-use MPA covering 110,439 hectares. This MPA will contain a zoning system that supports sustainable fisheries and marine tourism, and protects threatened marine species and ecosystems. The USAID SEA Project and CTC will support the MPA expansion and establishment by providing scientific input, supporting the development of the zoning plan and MPA management plan, and providing training and environmental education to local communities and government officers.
The Sula Islands have also been identified as home to a dense population of sea turtles, as well as several nesting sites. The USAID SEA Project and CTC are now working to build up local capacity to survey, patrol and protect the sea turtles. These charming creatures, along with the white sandy beaches, healthy coral reefs, and abundant marine life underscores the potential for the Sula Islands to establish sustainable and eco-tourism alternative livelihoods for the islands’ inhabitants.
Community-Led Conservation
The USAID SEA Project and CTC, along with local and global partners, are also strengthening community-based sustainable marine conservation and eco-tourism projects, and advocating for positive behavioural change. Through the Pejuang Laut (Champions of the Sea) program, local leaders are being trained to promote peer-to-peer learning and community engagement to change local attitudes and build knowledge in conservation, and the benefit of long-term marine conservation goals for the community. By providing holistic, community-led projects, USAID and CTC aim to support both ecosystems and local communities to thrive.
Drop us an email to learn more about our work in Sula Islands.
Download Sula Island MPA Info Sheet. Watch a video here!
Atauro Island, Timor-Leste
Located 24 kilometers north of Dili, Atauro Island in Timor-Leste is known to have some of the most diverse coral reef ecosystems in the world. The waters around the island are also an important migratory channel for cetaceans, such as blue whales, in the Sawu Sea.
Atauro Island Integrated MPA
In collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, the Dili District Government, and local communities, CTC is facilitating the establishment of an integrated Atauro Island MPA. The unified MPA will scale up the community-based marine reserves, earlier set up in the island at the district and national level, in order to promote effective MPA management and protect conservation targets that will also benefit the local communities. CTC laid the groundwork for developing the MPA by conducting a preliminary survey in March 2017 in collaboration with MAF. The survey provided baseline data on marine biodiversity in Atauro, as well as identifying several important species such as sharks, dolphins, whales, abundant reef fish, and sea turtles. Further surveys have expanded on this data, as well as surveyed local community reliance on marine resources, and their engagement with the MPA.
In September 2019, after a six year process, the proposed management plan and ministerial decree for the Atauro Island MPA were submitted to the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries. These documents will form the legal basis for the sustainable management and conservation of the Island’s unique marine biodiversity.
Tara Bandu, a traditional Timorese custom that enforces peace and reconciliation through public agreement, is still in place in both Atauro Island and Liquica. Tara Bandu is being utilized as an effective bridge for institutional planning and implementation of MPA management in the two sites.
Capacity Building and Training
CTC, in collaboration with the Government of Timor-Leste through the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, is helping to strengthen local capacity to manage the country’s marine resources, as well as to support the establishment of MPAs. CTC identified a need to build understanding and awareness amongst government and community representatives and MPA practitioners on topics related to marine biodiversity and integrated ecosystem-based management, the economic benefits of MPAs, and community facilitation. CTC’s training sessions are providing participants in Timor-Leste with a thorough background and up-to-date insights into the design, planning and management of MPAs, building local capacity so MPAs across Timor-Leste can be effectively managed.
Drop us an email to learn more about our work in Atauro Islands.
Download Atauro Island MPA Info Sheet. Watch a video here!
Liquica, Timor-Leste
Liquica is a coastal district located 32 kilometers west of Dili, Timor-Leste. Liquica’s coastal ecosystem is known for its lush mangrove forests and abundant seagrass beds.
The Liquica MPA
Surveys conducted by CTC in 2017 showed an abundance of reef fish, and good coral cover in the area off the coast of Liquica. However, the survey also found several areas where the coral had been badly impacted by destructive fishing practices. Local communities are dependent on coastal and marine resources, and the development of alternative livelihood sources could lessen the pressure on marine ecosystems.
Tara Bandu, a traditional Timorese custom that enforces peace and reconciliation through public agreement, is still in place in both Atauro Island and Liquica. Tara Bandu is being utilized as an effective bridge for institutional planning and implementation of MPA management in the two sites.
Capacity Building and Training
CTC, in collaboration with the Government of Timor-Leste through the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, is helping to strengthen local capacity to manage the country’s marine resources, as well as to support the establishment of MPAs. CTC identified a need to build understanding and awareness amongst government and community representatives and MPA practitioners on topics related to marine biodiversity and integrated ecosystem-based management, the economic benefits of MPAs, and community facilitation. CTC’s training sessions are providing participants in Timor-Leste with a thorough background and up-to-date insights into the design, planning and management of MPAs, building local capacity so MPAs across Timor-Leste can be effectively managed.
Coral Triangle Center